A DPOC na Área Metropolitana do Porto e o efeito das ondas de calor e de frio na enfermidade

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21814/physisterrae.325

Palavras-chave:

DPOC, Área Metropolitana do Porto, Onda de calor, Onda de frio

Resumo

Caracterizou-se a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crónica (DPOC) e os possíveis aspectos socioeconómicos associados à enfermidade e avaliaram-se os efeitos que as ondas de calor (OdC) e as ondas de frio (OdF) podem ter no aumento dos internamentos hospitalares nas pessoas residentes na Área Metropolitana do Porto (AMP) entre 2000 e 2015. Os efeitos das OdC e das OdF nas admissões hospitalares por DPOC foram investigados por meio da análise de regressão linear múltipla, com nível de significância de α = 5%. A análise estatística e cartográfica da distribuição geográfica dos internamentos hospitalares por DPOC, por grupos etários, por taxa de analfabetismo e por taxa de desemprego, à escala de freguesia, permitiu explicar os efeitos das OdC e das OdF no agravamento desta enfermidade. Do ponto de vista da caracterização das admissões por DPOC na AMP, concluiu-se que, em geral, esta doença está associada às freguesias com condições socioeconómicas mais precárias e com a população mais envelhecida. A intensidade e a duração, de acordo com o modelo utilizado, explicam o aumento nas taxas de admissões por DPOC durante os eventos de OdC e OdF. Todavia, a duração contribuiu mais nos eventos de calor e a intensidade nos eventos de frio. A severidade média foi o único parâmetro que não compôs o modelo.

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2019-10-20

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